Iron Butterfly

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Iron Butterfly is an American psychedelic rock band best known for the 1968 hit "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida." Their heyday was the late 1960s, but the band has been reincarnated with various members. In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida is among the world's 40 best-selling albums, selling more than 30 million copies.

Iron Butterfly
History

Ron Bushy, Iron Butterfly performing "In a Gadda da Vida", Germany, May 2005
The band formed in 1966 in San Diego. The original members were Doug Ingle (vocals, organ), Jack Pinney (drums), Greg Willis (bass), and Danny Weis (guitar). They were soon joined by tambourine player and vocalist Darryl DeLoach. DeLoach's parents' garage on Luna Avenue served as the site for their almost nightly rehearsals.

Jerry Penrod and Bruce Morris replaced Willis and Pinney after the band relocated to Los Angeles in 1966 and Ron Bushy then came aboard when Morris' tenure proved to be a short one. All but Ingle and Bushy left the band after recording their first album in late 1967; the remaining musicians, faced with the possibility of the record not being released, quickly found replacements in bassist Lee Dorman and guitarist Erik Brann (also known as "Erik Braunn" and "Erik Braun") and resumed touring. In early 1968, their debut album Heavy was released after signing a deal with ATCO, an Atlantic Records subsidiary.

DeLoach subsequently recorded with Two Guitars, Piano, Drum and Darryl, while Weis and Penrod went on to form the group Rhinoceros. In 1970 DeLoach formed Flintwhistle along with Erik Brann; the band performed live for about a year before breaking up.

The 17-minute "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida", the title track of Iron Butterfly's second album, became a Top 30 hit in the US and made the number 9 spot on the Dutch Top 40. The members when In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida was recorded were Doug Ingle (organ and vocals), Lee Dorman (bass guitar), Ron Bushy (drums), and 17-year-old Erik Brann (guitar). The album sold over three million copies by the end of 1970, and was awarded a gold disc by the R.I.A.A. in December 1968. It ultimately sold over 20 million copies, went platinum, and stayed on the Billboard magazine charts for over a year.

The band had been booked to play at Woodstock but got stuck at an airport. When their manager called the promoters of the concert they explained the situation and asked for patience. However, the manager demanded that the Butterfly be flown in by helicopter, whereupon they would "immediately" take the stage. After their set they would be paid and flown back to the airport. The manager was told that this would be taken into consideration and he would be called back. According to drummer, Ron Bushy;"We went down to the Port Authority three times and waited for the helicopter, but it never showed up".

The next album, Ball, reached No. 3 on the charts, but more lineup changes followed. In 1970, with Erik Brann gone, Iron Butterfly released their fourth studio album, Metamorphosis with two new members, guitarist/vocalist Mike Pinera (whose Blues Image had opened for the Butterfly's Vida tour) and guitarist Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt. The album managed to get into the top 20, but Doug Ingle quit the group shortly after its release. Without an organist for the first time in their history, the remaining four members cut a single, "Silly Sally". It failed to chart and proved to be their last recording. The band broke up after playing a final show on May 23, 1971. Dorman and Reinhardt would subsequently found Captain Beyond.

Bassist Lee Dorman in Prague on 11 March 2012
The band reformed in 1974 with Ron Bushy and Erik Brann joined by bassist Philip Taylor Kramer and keyboardist Howard Reitzes. (Kramer later made news with his 1995 disappearance and the discovery of his remains and minivan at the bottom of Decker Canyon in 1999). Brann, who had done occasional lead vocals during Iron Butterfly's original run, served as the band's main lead vocalist. The album Scorching Beauty was released in January 1975 with Reitzes and Sun and Steel in October 1975 with Bill DeMartines replacing Reitzes. Both albums were criticized for bearing little resemblance to the original tone of the group, and sold poorly compared to their earlier releases.

In December 1978, the band's bassist, Keith Ellis, died in Germany. A similar loss occurred in 1985 when incumbent bassist Kurtis Teal died as a result of a heart murmur. Teal's death led the band to dissolve, however, they reformed again in 1987.

Bobby Hasbrook, from Hawaii, joined the band as lead guitarist and lead vocals with Lee Dorman, Erik Braun, Bobby Caldwell, and John leimseider, soon after Keith Ellis's death in 1978. Bobby Hasbrook played in various Iron Butterfly lineups with, Mike Pinera, and Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt. Bobby Hasbrook continued to play and tour with Iron Butterfly until 1982.

Guitarist/vocalist Charlie Marinkovich joined the band in 2002. Originally from Seattle, Marinkovich had played with Randy Hansen and others.

German violinist, keyboardist and composer Martin Gerschwitz, formerly of The Works and Walter Trout, joined the band in 2005.

On October 3, 2002, original tambourine player/vocalist Darryl DeLoach died of liver cancer at the age of 55. On July 25, 2003, Erik Brann died of heart failure at the age of 52.

In early 2010, an announcement was made that Iron Butterfly would receive the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 20th Annual San Diego Music Awards, which took place on September 12, 2010. The award is to be presented by San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders. Later the same year, Ray Weston (formerly of Wishbone Ash) came in to substitute on drums for Ron Bushy after he was sidelined by health issues. In early 2012, Phil Parlapiano substituted for Martin Gerschwitz when Gerschwitz was unable to fulfill commitments.

Former guitarist Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt died on January 2, 2012, at the age of 63, due to cirrhosis of the liver. Bassist Lee Dorman, who had a history of heart trouble, died on December 21, 2012, at the age of 70. Both Reinhardt and Dorman were also founding members of Captain Beyond, along with former Deep Purple vocalist Rod Evans and drummer Bobby Caldwell.

Personnel

Members
Doug Ingle organ, vocals (1966-1971, 1978-1979, 1983-1985, 1987-1988, 1994-1999)
Danny Weis guitar (1966-1967)
Jack Pinney drums, percussion (1966)
Greg Willis bass (1966)
Darryl DeLoach vocals (1966-1967; died 2002)
Jerry Penrod bass, backing vocals (1966-1967)
Bruce Morris drums, percussion (1966)
Ron Bushy drums, percussion (1966-1971, 1974-1977, 1978-1979, 1982, 1987, 1987-1988, 1993-2012; guest - 1982)
Lee Dorman bass, vocals (1967-1971, 1977-1978, 1978-1985, 1987-2012; died 2012)
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals (1967-1969, 1974-1977, 1978-1979, 1979-1980, 1982, 1987, 1987-1989; died 2003)
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals (1969-1971, 1978-1979, 1979, 1982-1983, 1987, 1993, 1993-1994)
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar (1969-1971, 1977-1978, 1978-1979, 1981-1984, 1989-1993; died 2012)
Philip Taylor Kramer bass, keyboards, vocals (1974-1977; died 1995)
Howard Reitzes keyboards, vocals (1974-1975)
Bill DeMartines keyboards, vocals (1975-1977)
Kevin Karamitros drums (1977-1978)
Jimi Henderson vocals (1977-1978)
Larry Kiernan keyboards (1977-1978)
David Love guitar (1977-1978)
John Leimsider keyboards (1978, 1979, 1981-1982)
Keith Ellis bass (1978; died 1978)
Bobby Caldwell drums, percussion (1979)
Bobby Hasbrook guitar, vocals (1978-1982)
Nathan Pino keyboards (1979)
Zam Johnson drums, percussion (1980)
Tim Kislan keyboards (1980)
Starz Vanderlocket percussion, vocals (1980)
Luke percussion, (1981-1982, 1982-1983)
Jimmy Rock drums (1981-1982)
Randy Skirvin guitar,vocals (1981-1982)
Guy Babylon keyboards (1982-1983; died 2009)
Jan Uvena drums, percussion (1982)
John Shearer drums (1982-1983)
Jerry Sommers drums, percussion (1983)
Rick Rotante drums, percussion (1983-1984)
Lenny Campanero drums (1984-1985)
Steve Fister guitar, backing vocals (1984-1985)
Kurtis Teal bass (1985; died 1985)
Kelly Reubens bass (1987)
Tim Von Hoffman keyboards (1987)
Glen Rappold guitar, bass, vocals (1987)
Ace Baker keyboards (1987)
Sal Rodriguez drums (1987, 1988)
Jim Von Buelow guitar (1987)
Bob Birch bass (1987; died 2012)
Bill DeMartines keyboards, vocals (1976-1977)(1987)
Doug Jackson guitar (1987)
Lyle T. West vocals (1987)
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals (1988-1990, 1993-1997; substitute - 2003)
Kenny Suarez drums, percussion (1988-1992)
Steve "Mick" Feldman vocals (1988-1990)
Robert Tepper vocals (1990)
Burt Diaz keyboards (1992)
Denny Artache guitar, vocals (1993)
Doug Bossey guitar (1994-1995)
Erik Barnett guitar, vocals (1995-2002)
Damian Bujanda keyboards, vocals (1999)
Larry Rust keyboards, vocals (1999-2005)
Charlie Marinkovich guitar, vocals (2002-2012)
Martin Gerschwitz keyboards, vocals (2005-2012)
Supporting musicians
Manny Bertematti drums, percussion (substitute - 1971)
Donny Vosburgh - drums (guest - 1987)
Doug Freedman - drums, percussion (substitute - 1989)
Joanne Montana backing vocals (live - 1989)
Cecelia Noel backing vocals (live - 1989)
Oly Larios - bass (substitute - 2001)
Ken Chalupnik bass (substitute - 2006)
Dave Meros bass (substitute - 2006)
Ray Weston - drums, percussion (substitute - 2010)
Phil Parlapiano - keyboards (substitute - 2012)
Lineups
1966 1966 1966 19661967
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Jack Pinney drums, percussion
Danny Weis guitar
Greg Willis bass
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Jack Pinney drums, percussion
Danny Weis guitar
Greg Willis bass
Darryl DeLoach vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Danny Weis guitar
Darryl DeLoach vocals
Bruce Morris drums, percussion
Jerry Penrod bass, backing vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Danny Weis guitar
Darryl DeLoach vocals
Jerry Penrod bass, backing vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
19671969 19691971 19711974 19741975
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Supporting musicians
Manny Bertematti drums, percussion (substitute - 1971)
Disbanded
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Philip Taylor Kramer bass, keyboards, vocals
Howard Reitzes keyboards, vocals
19751977 19771978 1978 1978
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Erik Braunn vocals, guitar
Philip Taylor Kramer bass, keyboards, vocals
Bill DeMartines keyboards, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Jimi Henderson vocals
Kevin Karamitros drums
Larry Kiernan keyboards
David Love guitar
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Kevin Karamitros drums, percussion
John Leimsider keyboards
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Keith Ellis bass
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
1978 19781979 1979 1979
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Bobby Hasbrook - guitars, vocals
Bobby Caldwell drums, percussion
John Leimsider keyboards
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Bobby Caldwell drums, percussion
John Leimsider keyboards
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Bobby Hasbrook guitar, vocals
1979 1980 19811982 1982
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Bobby Caldwell drums, percussion
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Bobby Hasbrook guitar, vocals
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Nathan Pino keyboards
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Bobby Hasbrook guitar, vocals
Zam Johnson drums, percussion
Tim Kislan keyboards
Starz Vanderlocket percussion, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
John Leimsider keyboards
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar,vocals
Jimmy Rock drums
Randy Skirvin guitar,vocals
Luke percussion,
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Guy Babylon keyboards
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Jan Uvena drums, percussion
1982 1982 19821983 1983
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Guy Babylon keyboards
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Guy Babylon keyboards
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
John Shearer drums
Luke percussion, vocals
Supporting musicians
Ron Bushy drums (guest - 1982)
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Guy Babylon keyboards
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
John Shearer drums
Luke percussion, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Guy Babylon keyboards
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
John Shearer drums, percussion
Luke percussion, vocals
1983 19831984 1984 19841985
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Guy Babylon keyboards
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
John Shearer drums, percussion
Jerry Sommers drums, percussion
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Rick Rotante drums, percussion
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Lenny Campanero drums
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Lenny Campanero drums, percussion
Steve Fister guitar, backing vocals
1985 19851987 1987 1987
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Lenny Campanero drums, percussion
Steve Fister guitar, backing vocals
Kurtis Teal bass
Disbanded
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Tim Von Hoffman keyboards
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Kelly Reubens bass
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Tim Von Hoffman keyboards
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Kelly Reubens bass
Glen Rappold guitar, bass, vocals
1987 1987 1987 19871988
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Kelly Reubens bass
Ace Baker keyboards
Supporting musicians
Donny Vosburgh - drums (guest - 1987)
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Jim Von Buelow guitar
Sal Rodriguez drums
Bob Birch bass
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Bill DeMartines keyboards, vocals
Doug Jackson guitar
Lyle T. West vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
1988 19881989 1990 19901992
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Sal Rodriguez drums, percussion
Erik Braunn guitar, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Steve "Mick" Feldman vocals
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Kenny Suarez drums, percussion
Supporting musicians
Doug Freedman - drums, percussion (substitute - 1989)
Joanne Montana backing vocals (live - 1989)
Cecelia Noel backing vocals (live - 1989)
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Steve "Mick" Feldman vocals
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Kenny Suarez drums, percussion
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Kenny Suarez drums, percussion
Robert Tepper vocals
1993 1993 1993 19931994
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Larry "Rhino" Reinhardt guitar
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Burt Diaz keyboards
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Denny Artache guitar, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Mike Pinera guitar, vocals
1994 19941995 19951997 19971999
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Doug Bossey guitar
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Doug Bossey guitar
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Derek Hilland keyboards, backing vocals
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Erik Barnett guitar, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Doug Ingle organ, vocals
Erik Barnett guitar, vocals
1999 19992002 20022005 20052012
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Erik Barnett guitar, vocals
Damian Bujanda keyboards, vocals
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Erik Barnett guitar, vocals
Larry Rust keyboards, vocals
Supporting musicians
Oly Larios - bass road mgr.FOH 1999-2005(substitute - 2001)
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Larry Rust keyboards, vocals
Charlie Marinkovich guitar, vocals
Supporting musicians
Derek Hillard - keyboards, backing vocals (substitute - 2003)
Lee Dorman bass, vocals
Ron Bushy drums, percussion
Charlie Marinkovich guitar, vocals
Martin Gerschwitz keyboards, vocals
Supporting musicians
Ken Chalupnik bass (substitute - 2006)
Dave Meros bass (substitute - 2006)
Ray Weston - drums, percussion (substitute - 2010)
Phil Parlapiano - keyboards (substitute - 2012)



 
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