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Ramblin' Jack Elliott (born Elliot Charles Adnopoz, August 1, 1931) is an
American folk singer and performer.
Life and career
Elliot Charles Adnopoz was born in Brooklyn, New York to Jewish parents
in 1931. Elliott grew up inspired by the rodeos at Madison Square Garden,
and wanted to be a cowboy. Though encouraged to follow his father's example
and become a surgeon, Elliott rebelled, running away from home at the age of
15 to join Col. Jim Eskew's Rodeo, the only rodeo east of the Mississippi.
They traveled throughout the Mid-Atlantic states and New England. He was
only with them for three months before his parents tracked him down and had
him sent home, but Elliott was exposed to his first singing cowboy, Brahmer
Rogers, a rodeo clown who played guitar and five-string banjo, sang songs,
and recited poetry. Back home, Elliott taught himself guitar and started
busking for a living. Eventually he got together with Woody Guthrie and
stayed with him as an admirer and student.
"Nobody I know—and I mean nobody—has covered more ground and made more friends and sung more songs than the fellow you're about to meet right now. He's got a song and a friend for every mile behind him. Say hello to my good buddy, Ramblin' Jack Elliott." (Johnny Cash, The Johnny Cash Television Show, 1969.)
With banjo player Derroll Adams, he toured the United Kingdom and Europe. By 1960, he had recorded three folk albums for the UK record label Topic Records. In London, he played small clubs and pubs by day and West End cabaret nightclubs at night. When he returned to the States, Elliott found he had become renowned in American folk music circles.
Woody Guthrie had the greatest influence on Elliott. Woody's son, Arlo, said[where?] that because of Woody's illness and early death, Arlo never really got to know him, but learned his father's songs and performing style from Elliott. Elliott's guitar and his mastery of Guthrie's material had a big impact on Bob Dylan when he lived in Minneapolis. When he reached New York, Dylan was sometimes referred to as the 'son' of Jack Elliott, because Elliott had a way of introducing Dylan's songs with the words: "Here's a song from my son, Bob Dylan." Dylan rose to prominence as a songwriter; Elliott continued as an interpretative troubadour, bringing old songs to new audiences in his idiosyncratic manner. Elliott also influenced Phil Ochs, and played guitar and sang harmony on Ochs' song "Joe Hill" from the Tape from California album. Elliott also discovered Singer-Songwriter, Guthrie Thomas, in a bar in Northern California in 1974 bringing Thomas to Hollywood where Thomas' music career began.
Elliott appeared in Dylan's "Rolling Thunder Revue" concert tour and played "Longheno de Castro" in Dylan's movie Renaldo and Clara. In the movie, he sings the song "South Coast" by Lillian Bos Ross and Sam Eskin, from whose lyric the character's name is derived.
"My name is Longheno de Castro
My father was a Spanish grandee'
But I won my wife in a card game
To Hell with those lords o'er the sea"
Elliott plays guitar in a traditional flatpicking style, which he matches with his laconic, humorous storytelling, often accompanying himself on harmonica. His singing has a strained, nasal quality which the young Bob Dylan emulated. His repertoire includes American traditional music from various genres, including country, blues, bluegrass and folk.
Elliott's nickname comes not from his traveling habits, but rather the countless stories he relates before answering the simplest of questions. Folk singer Odetta claimed that it was her mother who gave him the name, remarking, "Oh Jack Elliott, yeah, he can sure ramble on!"
Elliott did ramble to Talkeetna, Alaska, several times in the early 1990s to play at the Latitude 62 Lodge as the guest of his friend Doug Geeting, a local musician.
His authenticity as a folksy, down-to-earth country boy, despite being a doctor's son from Brooklyn, and his disdain for other folk singers, were parodied by the Folksmen (Christopher Guest, Michael McKean, and Harry Shearer) in the satirical documentary A Mighty Wind in the name of their "hit" album Ramblin'. A Mighty Wind also referred to a former member of the New Main Street Singers, Ramblin' Sandy Pitnick, a somewhat geeky-looking white man in a cowboy hat, apparently in parody of Elliott.
Elliott's first recording in many years, South Coast, earned him his first Grammy Award in 1995. He was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1998.
His long career and strained relationship with his daughter Aiyana were chronicled in her 2000 film documentary, The Ballad of Ramblin' Jack.
At the age of 75, he changed labels and released I Stand Alone on the ANTI- label with an assortment of guest backup players including members of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, another curious collection of little-known music delivered with humor and intensity. He said his intention was to title the album 'Not for the Tourists', because it was recorded in response to his daughter's request for songs he loved but never played in concert. When asked why he did not, he told her, "These songs are not for the tourists".